canada goose coats Zak, who was 13 on July 4, 1946

City Shrinks at Memory

buy canada goose uk Stanislaw Zak, a soft Cheap canada goose jackets spoken professor of literature, recalls the day 50 years ago when he witnessed a pogrom that left deep scars on this city. He saw the violent crowd, sensed the terror, but most of all he remembers his father coming home. buy canada goose uk

canada goose outlet uk sale “He came back from work that night, he didn’t eat dinner, he drank nothing,” said Mr. canada goose coats Zak, who was 13 on July 4, 1946. “He was just an ordinary man, he couldn’t stop the mob.” canada goose outlet uk sale

canada goose outlet in new york That day, 42 Polish Jews who uk canada goose had survived World War II in the Soviet Union and returned home were Canada Goose Online dragged from the building where they were staying. Most were beaten by a frenzied crowd, some were shot by soldiers. The next morning, Mr. Zak said, he watched, horrified, as a Jewish man was Canada Goose Parka hauled from canada goose clearance the office at his father’s quarry and stoned Canada Goose Jackets to death with pieces of pavement. canada goose outlet in new york

canada goose outlet real As many as 2,000 to 3,000 Jews are believed to have been killed by Poles in the following canada goose uk outlet months, a demonstration of anti Semitism that thrived even though almost all of Poland’s three million Jews were murdered by the Nazis. After the canada goose coats on sale pogrom here, most of canada goose store the remaining 300,000 Polish Jews emigrated. canada goose outlet real

canada goose shop uk For President Aleksander Kwasniewski, a former Communist who has tried to improve relations with cheap canada goose uk Jewish groups, the ceremonies at Kielce carry high stakes. On July 8, Mr. Kwasniewski will meet for the first time in Washington with President Clinton and afterward with American Jewish canada goose black friday sale leaders. canada goose shop uk

official canada goose outlet [A preliminary ceremony on June 30 at which wreaths were laid at monuments for the 20,000 Jews murdered by Nazis in the Kielce ghetto and for Poles who protected them went smoothly.] official canada goose outlet

canada goose outlet washington dc Early on, the new President tried to set a different tone from Mr. Walesa. Mr. Kwasniewski’s Foreign Minister, Dariusz Rosati, apologized for the Kielce pogrom during a visit to Israel in January. canada goose outlet washington dc

canada goose outlet boston But in Kielce the mood is different. canada goose outlet boston

canada goose outlet miami At first, city officials refused to honor the Jews killed by Kielce residents. canada goose outlet miami

canada goose jacket outlet sale After pressure from the Government, ceremonies were added at the three story house on Planty Street where the pogrom occurred and at the Jewish cemetery where the victims are buried. Prime Minister Wlodzimierz Cimoszewicz is to attend, along with officials of international canada goose uk shop Jewish groups. canada goose jacket outlet sale

canada goose outlet store montreal Many people in Kielce feel uncomfortable, and even hostile, about the approaching anniversary. When the Kielce canada goose factory sale public radio invited people to buy canada goose jacket give their opinions on the anniversary on a call in program, older callers who lived through World War II canadian goose jacket and the pogrom opposed the commemoration. canada goose outlet store montreal

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canada goose outlet in usa “It is extremely difficult to accept the dark side of one’s history,” said Bogdan Bialek, a psychologist who recently formed a group of 15 Kielce citizens, including cheap Canada Goose Mr. Zak, who will seek reconciliation with Jews abroad. “When the Pope mentioned the pogrom during his visit to Kielce, many people felt offended, saying, ‘Why should we feel responsible for what happened a long time ago?’ ” canada goose outlet in usa

canada goose uk site Until 1981, Canada Goose Coats On Sale talk of the pogrom was taboo in Canada Goose Outlet Kielce’s homes, schools and churches. canada goose uk site

canada goose outlet in uk The silence cracked a little when, at the impetus of the Solidarity movement the Roman Catholic Bishop offered prayers for the pogrom’s victims in 1981. After the collapse of Communism in 1989, uk canada goose outlet awareness of the pogrom became more widespread. canada goose outlet in uk

canada goose outlet toronto But when the head of the Kielce Board of Education, Andrzej Sygut, circulated a letter this year appealing to school principals to organize special lessons, he was largely rebuffed. canada goose outlet toronto

canada goose outlet legit “The common unspoken, canada goose unvoiced reaction was: ‘The letter canada goose clearance sale is great but why did you write it? For what?’ ” Mr. Sygut said. Hampered by lack of knowledge, without basic texts on Polish Jewish relations and carrying their own prejudices, most teachers ignored Mr. Sygut’s request, he said. canada goose outlet legit

canada goose outlet toronto location “It is important to remember that such a tragedy took place,” said Cezary Ksel, a high Canada Goose online school student who attended a class on Canada Goose sale the pogrom given by a visiting journalist from Warsaw. “But this anniversary makes it look as though canada goose uk black friday we are trying too hard to show our repentance. The issue is being blown up.” canada goose outlet toronto location

canada goose outlet near me An important goal of Mr. Bialek’s group is to foster research into the circumstances of the pogrom, which because relevant Communist archival sources from Moscow and Warsaw are still closed remains shrouded in dispute. canada goose outlet near me

canada goose outlet winnipeg address A basic question is whether the pogrom was essentially buy canada goose jacket cheap a spontaneous expression of deep hatred or was deliberately provoked by the Polish Communists and their backers in the Soviet Union. canada goose outlet winnipeg address

canada goose outlet shop The preferred version of the Polish Communists in the 1980’s was that the pogrom was instigated by the Polish and Soviet secret police, an explanation that shifted the blame away from local residents. canada goose outlet shop

canada goose outlet winnipeg But a specialist in post World War II Poland at Warsaw University, Krystyna Kersten, recently wrote that the evidence for this conclusion was “too vague and unsubstantiated.” canada goose outlet winnipeg

canada goose outlet eu “Even if some secret hand did operate in Kielce, the ease with which it ignited the crowds and led to a communal psychosis testify to the existence of deep rooted anti Jewish phobia,” Professor Kersten said canada goose outlet eu.

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